Asperger’s syndrome is often confused with other psychological disorders that often a person suffering from this asks, do i have Asperger’s or social anxiety. Here In article, “Asperger’s Syndrome In Adults: Symptoms And Treatment” is discussed in detail, what are the symptoms, how to spot and identify Asperger’s in adults & Treatment through therapy according to the characteristics of someone who has this disorder.
Asperger’s syndrome is a disorder that was brought under the category of autism spectrum disorder. People affected with this syndrome have an intellectual level above average but they have difficulties with social interactions, they find it hard to understand the social signals and to communicate with others.
This disorder is diagnosed normally at the age of 5 to 9 years but this disorder is also diagnosed in adulthood. Asperger’s Syndrome affects 0.003 to 4.28 in every 1000 people. Males are four times affected as often as females.
In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes and the treatment of Asperger’s syndrome, so read the complete article.
Symptoms Of Asperger’s Syndrome In Adults
This disorder is usually diagnosed at an early age, we must also bear in mind that these children grow and reach adulthood, hence, it also exists it in the adults. In many cases, affected people manage to have a full life, a good professional career, to form a family, etc, but, inevitably, they can continue having a series of problems in their daily life due to this disorder.
Given below are some of the characteristics of the people affected by this disorder.
- A person who has Asperger’s syndrome may have difficulty developing friendships. He may not connect with his peers due to a lack of social skills. He may find it hard to talk to others or to participate in group activities. In some cases, a person with this disorder may want to deeply connect with his peers and oppositely, another affected person may have no desire to make friends.
- Inadequate to understand non-verbal communication. This means, he does not have the capacity to situate and understand the language in the context in which it is used.
- Difficulty making friends of the same age, he may feel more comfortable with adults or much younger.
- Engages in one-sided, long conversations, without noticing if the listener is still listening or trying to change the subject.
- Expresses unusual nonverbal communication, such as few facial expressions, lack of eye contact or awkward body postures and gestures.
- Seems insensitive to others’ feelings and has a hard time judging other people or may have difficulty understanding humor.
- Doesn’t understand the give-and-take of conversation or engage in small talk.
- Speak in a voice that is monotone, rigid, jerky or unusually fast.
- Difficulty understanding the nuances of language, despite having a good vocabulary.
- Have an intense obsession with one or two specific, narrow subjects.
- Strongly prefer repetitive routines or rituals and becomes upset at any small changes.
- Memorize information and facts easily, especially information related to a topic of interest.
- Have clumsy, uncoordinated movements, an odd posture or a rigid gait.
- Perform repetitive movements, such as a hand or finger flapping.
- Engage in violent outbursts, self-injurious behaviors, tantrums or meltdowns.
- Hypersensitive to sensory stimulation such as light, sound, and texture.
- May daydream or zone out when over stimulated.
- A person with Asperger’s may display selective mutism. He will only speak freely with people he is comfortable with, and may not speak at all to strangers.
- Individuals with Asperger’s syndrome may have interests that are likely very narrowed and focused. It could be playing video games, making models, or drawing. These activities focus their minds and provide a sense of comfort for them. If they are forced to leave their projects, they may become distressed.
Causes Of Asperger’s Syndrome
Causes of Asperger’s syndrome are not precisely determined yet. However, it is believed that genetic factor is involved in this disorder. Supporting this idea, it is said that Asperger syndrome runs in the families. Further, alterations in the brain are also responsible for some symptoms of this disorder.
In some cases, toxic exposures, parental infections, teratogens, and problems with pregnancy or birth can be the reasons of this disorder. All of these factors, when combined, can increase the chances of defects which are hereditary.
Treatment Of Asperger’s Syndrome In Adults
Once you have realized the symptoms and causes of Asperger’s syndrome, the next step is to overcome it. Although you can live a successful professional life, many moments in your life exists where you find it difficult to interact socially.
And if your life is totally affected due to this then it is high time to take some serious steps. Below are discussed some of the ways of treatment of Asperger’s syndrome.
There is no specific treatment for Asperger’s syndrome, but the treatment is based on the specific characteristics of each patient, taking into account their strengths and weaknesses in terms of social and communication skills.
There are different therapies that can be carried out depending on the individual needs of each person, and they aimed at improving social and communication skills through different activities,such as:
- Occupational or sensory therapy: It is used in case there are any integration problems of sensors or poor motor coordination.
- Specialized language therapy to help those who have problems when using or understanding the language when having a conversation.
- Talk Therapy: This therapy helps to improve the communication problems.
- Family Therapy: It educates the family about the disorder including diagnosing its presence as well as to cope with the issues that have created in the family because of Asperger’s syndrome. Also, its main objective is to educate the family, how to deal with the affected person and how you can help him to overcome this.
- Medications: Sometimes, according to the situation, some medications are also involved with the therapy such as anti-depressants.
If you liked my post about, ‘Asperger’s Syndrome In Adults: Symptoms And Treatment’ then leave a comment below that how much this article was beneficial for you. In case, you have any query, hit it down in the comments section. If you are interested in reading similar articles, you may visit Psychology category at TryArticles.