Flowers are so beautiful that everyone love to have in their home garden and indoors. Among the wide range of flowers, Roses are perhaps the most favorite in almost every part of the world. Due to their beautiful appearance, the variety of colors and unique fragrance, Roses are one of the most planted flowers.
There are hundreds of species of roses grown in different parts of the world. The name rose comes from the French language. Roses are a favorite topic of poetry and literature all around the world in different languages, such as French, English and Urdu.
Rose plant is the woody perennial plant that gives beautiful flowers. It belongs to the Genus Rosa under the family Rosaceae. Rose plant can either be in the form of shrubs or it may be in the shape of a climbing or trailing plant with large stem, having sharp prickles. Rose plant can attain a height of 7 meters, whereas most varieties are in the shape of a compact bushy plant.
It produces flowers of different sizes and shapes. Usually the flowers in large size. Flowers are of different colors, most prominent being red, white and yellow among all colors. Though the native area of rose is Asia, some varieties come from Europe, America and Africa.
However, it is successfully grown in almost all parts of the world and under all types of climatic conditions. Rose flowers mostly contain five petals, with exception of one variety Rosa sericea, which has four petals. Every petal contains two lobes that are normally pink or white. Some may be of red or yellow color.
Roses are mostly used as ornamental plants and are usually grown in home gardens and even indoors for their beautiful flowers. However, they are also grown commercially in perfumery industry and cut flowers.
Rose plant is also one of the best choices for making hedges and for landscaping. They are even used in some medicines, though a medicinal value of roses is not so prominent. Rose flowers are also used in many foods and drinks.
A rose plant is quite useful in so many of things so it must be a part of your home garden. But, as with other plants, rose plant is also susceptible to various pests and diseases. These are normally attacked by different insects and fungi. Owing to this, rose plants need an extra bit of care against such attacks. Here in this article, we are suggesting some useful tips on how to get rid of pests in rose bushes.
Pests And Diseases Of Rose Bushes
There are so many pests, insects and diseases that may attack your beautiful rose plants in your home garden. This may include Aphids, Spider Mites and Japanese Beetles in insects category, while powdery mildew, black spots and rust come under the fungal attacks. It can also be attacked by Chlorosis, though not a disease or pest, rather it is a kind of nitrogen or iron deficiency.
How To Get Rid Of These Diseases And Pests?
There are so many medicines and sprays available in the market that can be used commercially to control such diseases and pests. But for home gardens that may be an expensive option. That’s why we are suggesting here, some other tricks based on homemade remedies to these diseases and pests.
As said earlier, chlorosis is neither a pest nor a disease; it is the deficiency of iron or nitrogen, normally observed in home gardens. In case of iron deficiency, leaves of the rose plant get yellow whereas the veins of the leaves remain green. But in case of nitrogen deficiency, the color of entire leaf including its veins, fades out and turns yellow.
When your garden is affected with this deficiency, you need to spread a mixture of compost with sulphate on the soil around the rose plants, so that it may penetrate and reach the roots of the plant. Take one cup of iron sulphate and mix it with one cup of compost. If your garden shows signs of nitrogen deficiency, you may spread coffee grounds on the soil around the rose plants.
Rose plant is susceptible to three types of fungal attack, rust, black spots and powdery mildew. There are different homemade treatments for curing these fungal diseases.
- Take 16 bags of chamomile tea. Alternately you can take two cups of dried chamomile flowers. Mix either of these two in a half gallon of water for around half an hour. Spray this mixture on the affected plants. Hopefully, either of the above mentioned three types of fungal attacks can be managed with this homemade trick.
- Another trick is to dissolve two crushed aspirin in one-quarter of water and spray it on the affected rose plants to get rid of fungal diseases
- If you observe powdery mildew or black spots on your rose plants, it can be easily cured with a homemade mixture. Two teaspoonfuls of baking soda and the half teaspoon of soap in liquid form, mixed in a half gallon of water will be an effective spray for getting rid of powdery mildew and black spot.
- For powdery mildew, another useful mixture may be prepared by mixing 1 part milk in 9 parts of water.
Japanese beetles are a common threat to rose bushes in many parts of the world. This can, however, be controlled through various homemade techniques.
- One simple method, used by some gardeners is to handpick the Japanese beetles from the affected plants and throw them in soapy water. Very time consuming and laborious method, hence not recommended for large sized gardens.
- Another useful trick is to prepare a mixture of larkspur or delphinium leaves and one around 4.5 liters of water. Blend it strongly in a blender. Spray this mixture onto the affected rose plants.
- Insecticidal soap can also be a useful spray to control Japanese beetles.
Aphids And Spider Mites
Now we move onto the largest possible threat to your rose garden, the spider mites and aphids. These are small insects that may attack your rose plant at any time. Normally these can be seen on leaves of your rose plant or rose bushes.
The best option to fight against the attack of aphids and mites is to simply spray a blast of water on the leaves. Care is however required with the rose plants suffering from mildew; here you need to spray water early morning so that they can get dry by the end of day. Different mixtures can be tried as under:
- Take a quarter cup of buttermilk, two cups of wheat and mix in two and a half gallon of water.
- Insecticidal soap mixture can be prepared with one teaspoon of vegetable oil in one cup of water and then add one teaspoon of any dishwashing liquid. Alternately, you may use three spoons of any liquid insecticidal soap mixed in one gallon of water.
Any of the above mixtures can be sprayed on the leaves of the affected rose bushes. Leaves must get ample spray on both sides, the top and the bottom. Leave this spray on the rose bushes for a couple of hours or even more, and then rinse with simple water.
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