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Diseases & Side Effects Health

How Long Does Shingles Last? Shingles Symptoms, Causes, & Treatments

How Long Does Shingles Last: Skin infections are harmful. There might be some severe health issues with side effects as infecting skin. Yet there are many infections.

One of the skin infection is Shingles. It causes painful rashes. It is affected by the same microorganism that causes chickenpox. Skin infection prolongs if it is not treated on time.

how long shingles lasts

Shingles are not life-threatening but are very painful. There are reasons why it happens and How Long Does Shingles Last?

How Long Does Shingles Last

Shingles are also known as Herpes Zoster. They might affect a small area. Shingles marks on side of the face or body. Mostly it occurs on the waist.

  • Shingles last for 3 to 5 weeks.
  • It affects 1 out of 3 adults over 60 years old.
  • Even after healing pain lasts for a few months.
  • Anyone who had chickenpox in their history might get shingle.
  • This infection is common in people over 50 years old.
  • People with a weak immune system is affected by this virus.

It is said there is a pretty good chance to get Herpes Zoster more than once.

Symptoms

Shingles do not occur in a night or seconds. Some days before a rash appear on the body some pre-infection symptoms are:

  1. Discomfort
  2. Skin gets hot
  3. Irritation
  4. Numbness
  5. Itching
  6. Tingling

Pain or discomfort may be mild. Signs are observed on one side of the body. After 14 days you will start seeing change on the skin. Rashes will appear on the skin.

Herpes Zoster

Some people also have the following symptoms before Herpes Zoster:

  1. Headache
  2. Upset stomach
  3. Fever
  4. Nausea

Causes

As already mentioned the weak immune system wakes up a virus that causes infection. Main causes of this infection are:

  1. You might have had chickenpox.
  2. Any illness that lower your body defenses
    • Cancer
    • HIV
  3. Age 50 or more
  4. Physical Trauma
  5. Stress
  6. Taking medicines that weakens your immune system, such as steroids.

Treatment

As soon as you are diagnosed with this infection go to a doctor. A doctor will prescribe you some antivirus drugs. Some medicines for the virus are:

  • Valtrex
  • Zovirax
  • Famvir

These antiviral drugs are more effective if taken in the early stages.

 

Herpes Zoster disease

The doctor also prescribes some pain killer with antiviral medicines. iBurofen, Capzasin, and Bendrayl are used for pain, swelling, and itching. Some

Itching might soothe your pain for a time but it can make it worse. Vaccination should be done to prevent such infections. Herpes Zoster can recur 60 or older age people are recommended to get vaccinated.

Is Shingles/Herpes Zoster Contagious Infection

No, it is not contagious. Though you can get chickenpox if from someone with shingles. Try to stay away. Get vaccinated to prevent such viruses.

Complications

If Herpes Zoster is not treated on time there are some long term effects. One common complication is PHN – Posttherpetic neuropathy. The feeling of pain remains for a long time. That causes nerve injury at the rash site. Moreover, PHN:

  • Makes your body Sensitive
  • causes insomnia
  • Anxiety and depression

Some other complications are:

  1. Vision problems if it appears around eyes.
  2. Hear loss
  3. Facial Paralysis
  4. Loss of taste
  5. Ringing in ears
  6. Vertigo
  7. Pneumonia
  8. Hepatitis
  9. Worse can be your internal organs are affected.

Visit your doctor as soon as you suspect Herpes Zoster symptoms. Early treatment is better it can reduce the risk of PHN. Even if you feel pain after rashes are clear, visit a doctor. Yet, Shingles/Herpes Zoster lasts for 3 to 5 weeks.

skin infection

Take care of your health. Health is Wealth!

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Diseases & Side Effects General Health

Cold Remedies: How To Get Rid Of a Cold | Fast Tips & Home Remedies

The common cold is one of the most viral infections of the nose and throat. It is caused by a combination of various viruses. It is not harmful like other diseases but it can disturb the daily life routine. It takes about 7-10 days to recover. You can get rid of a cold faster with tips and home remedies mentioned in this article.

how long does a cold last

Well, there is no proper cure for the common cold but there are few remedies that can make you feel better faster. The risk of the common cold is much higher in children but a healthy adult can also get affected by it.

Symptoms Of Common Cold

Like all other diseases, common cold also has few common symptoms. The symptoms of cold mostly appear 1-3 days after exposure to the cold-causing virus. The common cold is considered one of the most frequent illness.

cold medicine

Below is the list of few common symptoms of the common cold:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Congestion
  • Slight body aches
  • A mild headache
  • Sneezing
  • Low-grade fever

Causes Of Common Cold

Many viruses lead to a common cold but among them, rhinoviruses are the most common responsible virus. These cold viruses enter the human body through mouth, nose, and eyes.

best cold medicine

A common cold spread by hand-to-hand contact with someone who is suffering from it. Also, avoid using things such as towels and mobile phone of such person. Below is the list of viruses that cause a common cold.

  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Human parainfluenza viruses,
  • Adenovirus
  • Human Coronaviruses
  • Human Metapneumovirus

How To Get Rid of Cold- 7 Fast Tips & Remedies

As mentioned earlier that there is no cure yet for the cold, it almost takes 1-2 weeks to heal naturally. But you can make the healing process little faster just with some tips and remedies.

cold remedies

Most people think that a common cold is a winter disease including me, but you can suffer from this disease at any time in a year. This illness is not considered dangerous because a person gets to recover from it within a week without any tablets. But it affects the daily life routine of a person.

Below is the list of remedies you can try to get rid of the common cold:

1- Stay Hydrated

Drinking plenty of water should be your priority while suffering from the common cold. Having huge amount of fluids is good when you tend to get rid of a common cold.  Water chicken soup, hot tea, and other liquids will help in keeping you hydrated especially while you are suffering from the common cold.

how to get rid of a cold fast

Drinking plenty of water will thin mucus and break the congestion. It will also prevent the headaches that are caused by dehydration. Some liquids such as alcohol and caffeine should be avoided as they do not help in hydration.

2- Honey

Honey is one of the best home remedies for the common cold illness. A person who is suffering from the common cold and having trouble in getting sleep, serve him with the honey. Honey is considered as an effective relief on remedies for treating cold symptoms.

how to get over a cold

One study in 2012 showed that giving a spoon of honey to kids before sleeping daily will reduce the nighttime coughing and also help in better sleep. Honey also helps in soothing the sore throat.

3- Get More Sleep

Sleep or taking rest is important for the body to heal, it helps you to get rid of the common cold. Sleep also helps the immune system in fighting against the infection. So you should take extra sleep and rest while you are suffering from the common cold.

how to get over a cold

According to the Centers for Disease Control, it is recommended to get extra sleep when you have a cold, as this will boost your immune system and that will help in healing faster from the common cold.

4- Increase The Intake Of Vitamin C

Vitamin c is a well-known vitamin that helps in fighting against the common cold. So, increase the intake of vitamin c to get rid of a cold faster. You can increase the intake of vitamin c by eating berries, citrus fruits, and red peppers.

natural cold remedies

Takin vitamin c will not help in preventing the cold but it reduces the duration of the common cold. A study shows that taking a 1-2 gram of supplement daily will reduce the duration in adult by 8% while in children by 14%.

5- Up The Zinc Quantity

Zinc is helpful in the common cold situation, as it reduces the period of the common cold that is 2- 3 weeks. So take much food that contains more zinc such as pumpkins, spinach, beef, wheat germ, and cocoa.

As studies show that zinc helps in healing faster from the cold common, the length of the common cold was deducted by 33%, that means a couple of days sooner of relief. It is recommended to take a limited amount of zinc because huge quantity may lead to a few other diseases. It will be better to contact the doctor.

6- Over-The-Counter Dosage

The common cold symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, and headache may make it difficult to function during a day and also at night hard to do rest or sleep. In such a situation you can take some medicines to recover faster.

Some over-the-counter dosage such as decongestants, ibuprofen, acetaminophen, cough suppressants, and antihistamines help in the treatment of cold faster. These medicines are easily available but remember that never give this dosage to a child with under 6 year age.

7- Gargle

Gargling is the best method to get temporary relief. For gargling, you need to add half teaspoon of salt into boil water, you need to do this four times a day. This method will help in recovering faster from the common cold and also it will reduce the throat pain.

 

Saltwater gargle is a cheap and natural home remedy, the best thing is that it has no side effects. Several types of research show that saltwater gargle help in treating different mild health diseases.

How To Prevent a Common Cold

A common cold is caused by the viruses, these viruses spread from the infected person to other through air and close contact even touching the towel used by the infected person. The centers of disease control stated that each year an adult is 2-3 time affected by the common cold.

The common cold affects millions of people every year, due to which they miss the schools or work. Prevention is one of the reasons behind it, below is the list of steps that you need follow to prevent the common cold.

  1. Wash your hands often
  2. Avoid touching your face
  3. Don’t smoke
  4. Keep household surfaces clean
  5. Use paper towels
  6. Throw tissues away after use
  7. Control stress

I hope you like my article about “how to get rid of a cold” You can also visit some other interesting posts like:

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Diseases & Side Effects Health

Ringworm Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Home Remedies & Pictures

Ringworm is a skin infection which is caused by the fungi which live on the dead cells of human skin such as hair and nails. Ringworm is also known as Tinea Infection. In this article, you will find causes, symptoms, treatment and how to get rid of ringworm through home remedies.

how to get rid of ringworm

Most people think Ringworm is caused by the worms which are wrong they are caused by the fungus. This infection can infect both humans and animals.

What Is Ringworm

Ringworm is a fungus skin infection which grows on the upper layer of skin. It is caused by the mold which is kind of fungi that live on the dead cells of the body.

ringworm stages

What does ringworm look like? It causes red, scaly and itchy patches on the skin, which after some time take a shape of a red circle or ring and that’s the reason it is called Ringworm.

Children under 15 years old are especially affected by ringworm. Its medical name is tinea corporis. It can be grown anywhere on the body and its name changes accordingly its occurrence position on the body.

Types of Ringworm

Ringworm can grow on any part of the body, there are several forms of ringworm and its name varies accordingly its growing position on the body.

ringworm on humans

Some of the common types are given below:

  • Ringworm: Its medical name is Tinea corporis, it grows on the skin of the body.
  • Athlete’s Foot: Its medical name is Tinea pedis and it grows on the soles of feet.
  • Ringworm: Its name is the same as the first one, but its medical name is Tinea manuum and it grows on the soles of the hands.
  • Jock Itch: Its medical name is Tinea cruris and it grows on the groin area of the body.
  • Nail Infection: Its medical name is Tinea unguium or onychomycosis and it grows on the nails.

Ringworm Symptoms

There are several cases of ringworm, that’s why its symptoms vary with each case.

how to cure ringworm

Some common types are briefly explained below:

Ringworm On The Skin

Ringworm on the skin starts as red round scaly chunk or bump, after some time it starts looking like rings with clear scaly borders. The Skin may peel, burn, sting flake and maybe feel uncomfortable.

Ringworm On The Scalp

Ringworm may start as small sore on the scalp and maybe it looks like a pimple before becoming flaky or scaly. These flakes may look like dandruff. It starts hair falling and leaves a bald spot. Maybe it makes swollen, red and tenders the scalp.

Ringworm On The Nails

Ringworm may affect nails on the hand or feet, due to which the nail becomes thick, brittle and yellowish.

Ringworm Causes

How do you get ringworm? Ringworm is a highly infectious fungal skin infection, it is caused by the parasitic fungi when they come in contact with the skin of human or animal, the organism starts to spread or multiply.

how to cure ringworm fast

Anyone has a chance to get affected by ringworm, but this skin infection is most common in kids and people who have cats.

It can be contacted in the following way:

  • Human-to-human
  • Animal-to-human
  • Object-to-human
  • Soil-to-human
  • Wearing tight clothing.
  • A weakened immune system.

How To Get Rid Of Ringworm

Ringworm is a common disease and it can be treated. Early intervention is critical to prevent spreading the infection to others.

Some common ways to treat this disease are given below:

Apply A Topical Antifungal

Most of the time ringworm can be treated at home, no need to take any medical treatment. But if it’s spreading more then visit the local drugstore and get over-the-counter antifungal cream, lotion. Some medications include miconazole (Cruex), clotrimazole (Desenex) and terbinafine (Lamisil).

Let It Uncovered

It may seem good logically to keep it covered with bandages to prevent further spreading but covering it may slow down the healing process as it locks the moisture.

You should wear open and comfortable clothes to help in speeding the healing process and avoid spreading the infection to others.

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Diseases & Side Effects Health

10 Treatments You Can Try to Get Rid Of Tonsil Stones (Causes, symptoms, and treatment)

What are tonsil stones? Tonsil Stones are hard materials that form in the tonsil. They are also called tonsilloliths. Tonsil causes bad breath. Tonsil stones are formed by the food, dead cells, and other substances remain on the tonsil.

how to get rid of tonsil stones

Tonsils stones are located at the back of the throat, they are small stones which form on tonsils. They are usually symptomless and cause minor breath problem. Some people may have single tonsil stones and some have many small formations.

Tonsils are made of tissues that contain lymphocytes cells which prevent and fight against infection and germs. They play an important role in the immune system, their function is to prevent or trap incoming virus and bacteria that are passing through your throat. Tonsils can also cause fever so if you have a fever then you must know the exact cause and proper treatment.

Tonsilloliths appear hard mass and they have various sizes, the largest tonsillolith was recorded as 14.5cm in 1936.

What causes Tonsil Stones

what causes tonsil stones

Tonsil basically protects the human body from bacteria or virus slipping into the lungs. They act as a filter against the bacteria and viruses particles. Some objects like food and other particles stuck on the surface of the tonsils, the grooves also called crypts, also collect old cells and bacteria.

There are white blood cells in the body which attacks objects trapped in the tonsils when the white blood cells are finished and hard particles remain on the tonsils. These objects or particles grow and become tonsils stones.

According to Dr.Alan Greene, tonsil stones are most common in youngster and those with large tonsils.

Symptoms of Tonsil Stones

tonsil stones causes

Generally, tonsilloliths are symptomless. But still, they cause noticeable symptoms which are listed below.

  • Bad Breath
  • Ear Pain
  • Swollen tonsils
  • ongoing cough
  • Sore throat
  • white or yellow debris on the tonsil
  • Trouble swallowing

How To Get Rid of Tonsil Stones

Tonsilloliths are not harmful, they can be treated at home or you can remove it through surgery. The correct treatment of tonsil stones depends upon the size of tonsillolith. You have many options through which you can get rid of tonsil tonsilloliths. Swelling is the body’s natural response to trauma and injury so you should reduce your swelling as soon as possible.

10 Treatments You Can Try to Get Rid Of Tonsil Stones are given below.

1-Low-Pressure Spraying

Low-Pressure irrigator, such as water flosser, can help in removing the tonsilloliths. To do this you should stand in front of a mirror and spray the water towards the tonsil stones.

You should be careful while removing tonsilloliths, as it can befall toward the back of the throat and might be cause coughing. Remember one thing that doesn’t try this method on children, who could congest.

You can also use this method regularly to prevent tonsilloliths from forming.

2-Toothbrush

You can also remove the tonsilloliths with your toothbrush. Spin the brush and use the non bristled side of the brush to remove the tonsil stones from the back of the throat.

Brushing the tongue with teeth regularly maybe help in reducing the number of bacteria from the mouth and also it will prevent future tonsil stones developing.

As with the cotton swab method, there is a chance of injury. So most people adopt this method and through toothbrush, they remove the tonsil stones. Never use this method with the children, as there is danger of them choking.

3-Saltwater gargle

There is another method of removing the tonsilloliths called saltwater gargle. It is the easiest method and you can try it at home.

You can prepare it by adding a teaspoon of salt to a cup of warm water. Gargle the liquid for 10-15 seconds.

4-Nonalcoholic Mouthwash

This method can also help in removing the tonsilloliths. Swishing a nonalcoholic mouthwash around the mouth can also help loosen tonsilloliths and reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth. Fewer bacteria can help in preventing the formation of tonsil stones.

5-Apple cider vinegar gargle

Gargling with apple cider vinegar can also help in removing the tonsil stones. Mix one spoon of apple cider vinegar in one cup of warm water and gargle three times a day, this is helpful against the tonsilloliths

6-Cotton Swabs

Some people use this method, try to daub tonsil stones from the back of the throat. This method is a little risky, maybe it causes an injury. So you must concern to a doctor before trying this method. Never attempt to use this method on children.

7-Laser tonsil Cryptolysis

In this method, a laser is used to erase the crypts where tonsil stones grew.  Local anesthesia is used during this procedure. In this method the recovery time and discomfort are minimal.

8-Coblation cryptanalysis

In this method, radio waves transform a solution of salt into the charged ions. These ions can cut through tissue. Same to the laser, coblation cryptolysis also remove the tonsil crypts but through this method, the burning sensation is less.

9-Tonsillectomy

A tonsillectomy is a surgery to remove the tonsilloliths.  Devices used in this method are laser, scalpel, etc. Adopting this procedure for tonsilloliths is disputed. This method is adopted at the end when all other procedures fail. So the doctor who recommends this method for tonsilloliths tend to use it for chronic cases ad severe.

10-Antibiotics

Antibiotics can be used in some cases to deal with the tonsilloliths. They are used to reduce the bacteria counts that play an essential role growth and development of the tonsil stones.

On the other side, there are some side effects of these antibiotics and also you can not use them for the long term, which means the tonsilloliths will return after you stop using the antibiotics.

How to Prevent Tonsil Stones

Preventing the growth of tonsilloliths are almost impossible. You can remove it with surgery, this procedure is known as a tonsillectomy.  In this procedure, the tissues of the tonsils are removed entirely, So thereby eliminating the possibility of tonsillolith formation. Frequently brushing and flossing can help in reducing the tonsil stones. If you have Kidney Stones problem then you can click here to read it’s causes, Types, and Symptoms.

Quick Wrap-up

Tonsil stones are yellowish hard mass formed in the tonsil. They are also called tonsillolith. Tonsil stones are gathering of bacteria and debris in the crypts in tonsils. White blood cells in the body attacks on a particle trapped in tonsil and when these cells finished, the remaining material grew into tonsilloliths.

The main symptoms of this disease are bad breath, ear pain, and sore throat. There are many types of treatment which you can try to remove it. Preventing it is almost impossible. You can prevent it through a surgery called tonsillectomy.

If you are living in NewYork or any place near Newyork then take NYC Health + Hospitals services or If you are living in Washington then you can also visit Washington Hospital Healthcare System.

I hope you like my article about “10 Treatments You Can Try to Get Rid Of Tonsil Stones” You can also visit some other interesting posts like How Long Does The Flu Last? Symptoms & Treatments. For more related articles you may visit the “Health” category at Try Articles. Please leave a comment below that how much you find this article helpful.

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Diseases & Side Effects Health

How to Break a Fever | Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

There are a lot of stories about “How to Break a fever” on the internet, some of them are true while some are just stories. If fever is making you or your family member uncomfortable, there are many ways that you can try to break a fever down and also a lot of things which you should avoid in such a situation. We will discuss all these methods in this article.

high fever

What is a fever? Fever is basically a temporary increase in the temperature of your body. The normal body temperature is 98.6F. Some case studies proved that not everyone’s normal body temperature is the same. There is a limit of normal body temperature above which the temperature will be considered as fever. Flu could be one of the reasons of fever so you should also take some precautions for treatment.

How to Break a Fever

How fever is good? Fever itself is not a dangerous disease for health but maybe become the reason for the big problems. Fever occurs when the body is fighting against the infection. The internal body temperature is increased as a defense mechanism, make the body hot enough so the germ won’t survive. So in this way, the fever is a good thing.

It is also true that during fever person become dull and feel terrible, just want to be comfortable as possible.

Children deal much better than an adult with fever. If they have a fever but still they playing and they think they are fine, no need to try anything to bring down the temperature.

If someone is suffering from fever, then follow these steps:

  • Check your temperature with a thermometer, if the temperature is above 100.4F, then you have a fever.
  • Stay in bed and rest.
  • Drink more water, because fever may cause dehydration in the body so to avoid that you need to drink cool liquids and they also help to cool off your body.
  • Remove extra layers of clothes even when cold.
  • Take a bath.
  • Put cool packs under the arm.

Causes Of Fever

causes of fever

Fever can be caused by a number of factors. Among them, few are listed below:

  • Some medications.
  • An infection, such as strep throat, chickenpox, flu.
  • Dehydration.
  • Silicosis- it is lung disease.
  • Overexposure of skin to sunlight.
  • The common cold.
  • Amphetamine abuse.
  • Alcohol withdrawal.
  • Gastrointestinal infections.
  • Immune reactions to childhood vaccinations.
  • Localized infections, such as in the skin, ears.

Symptoms Of Fever

how long does a fever last

The normal temperature of the body is 98F, the temperature above this level is the fever. There are also some signs and symptoms of fever like other diseases have, some common symptoms are mentioned below.

  • Sweat
  • Chills and shivering
  • Have a headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Feel Weak
  • Loss of appetite
  • Not want to eat
  • Irritability
  • Dehydration
  • Be restless

Types Of Fever

high fever in adults

Fever can be divided into several types according to their duration, identifying the type of fever may help in better treatment. Types of fever are given below.

  1. Continuous fever:  The condition in which the temperature remains above the normal body temperature throughout the 24 hours time and not fluctuate more than 1 Celsius. Such type of fever is called Continous Fever.
  2. Remittent fever: The condition in which the temperature remains above the normal body temperature throughout the 24 hours time and fluctuate more than 2 Celsius. Such type of fever is called Remittent fever.
  3. Pel Ebstein fever: This kind of fever probably take 3 days to rise, remain high for 3 days and then go down after 3 days.
  4. Intermittent fever: In such a situation the temperature increases above the normal temperature only for a few hours a day. Same time fever repeat for a few days in the same pattern.

Treatments of Fever

how to treat a fever

Fever is a harmless disease itself, as it is the part of the body which fight against the germs. But a high fever can be dangerous for health. There are many kinds of treatment which may help you in overcoming the fever. They can be categorized in Medical intervention and Home Remedies. During fever body become weak so you should maintain your diet by eating healthy food and drinking any type of Tea.

Home Remedies

You can try a few things to break the fever. Common home remedies are listed below with a brief explanation.

  1. Check Your Temperature: The first thing you need to do after feeling sick or having a fever, take a thermometer and check your temperature. Monitor the temperature for a few hours and make sure that the temperature is not increasing. The normal fever is good for the body and if the temperature is not increasing, then no need to worry, you will be fine within a few days.
  2. Remove Extra Layers Of Clothes: A simple method to break a fever is to remove the extra layers of clothes. Avoid the use of blanket or clothes made of wool or fabrics. Head and feet are capable of losing heat, so remember never cover your feet with socks or head with the cap.
  3. Take a Cool Bath: If you feel like you are suffering from fever, then take a cool bath to lower the body temperature. Take the bath for about 10-15 minutes. The alternative taking is bath is, take a clean cloth, dip it in cool water, squeeze it and apply it to the forehead. After 20 minutes, do this process again and repeat until the fever comes down.
  4. Drink Water: In case of fever, you lose more water in the form of perspiration, so drink more water in fever to complete the limit in the body. If you are used to drinking 8 glasses of water in a normal routine, increase it up to 12 glasses in fever. Fruit or vegetable juices are a much better idea because they contain sodium, which lost during sweating. Avoid the use of alcoholic and caffeinated beverages because maybe they can flush the skin and make you feel warmer.
  5. Rest: You need to rest for a few days because any activity during fever may raise your body temperature.
  6. Sit Near Fan: It will be better to sit near the fan in fever because more cool air will be circulating around the body.

When to See the Doctor

When to visit the Doctor in fever depend upon the age. Fever can’t be left untreated. So you must visit a doctor if the temperature is increased by its normal range.

Babies

Children up to three months old should be seen by the doctor if they have a temperature of 100.4 F or above.

If the temperature increases above 102 F in babies of age 3-6 months old then they should be seen by the doctor.

Children above the 6 months old, who have the fever of 102 or above need to take medicine under the doctors’ supervision.

Young children

Children ages 2-17 years old don’t need any medicine to reduce the temperature under 102 F. If the fever goes above 102F then they must use medicine to overcome the temperature. If still, they are not getting well then you should consult to doctor.

Adults

Adults above 18 don’t need any medicine for a fever under 102F temperature, but above it, they should use medication. Adults should seek medical attention in the situation as a stiff neck, pain anywhere in the body, shortness of breath.

Quick Wrap-up

Fever is not bad for health but up to some limit, above that limit, it must be treated. Fever caused basically when body fight against the germs, causing diseases in the body, So in response, the internal body temperature increased to kill those germs.

During temperature, you need to rest and avoid the activities, maybe they increase the temperature. Drink Cool water more than the normal routine. Take a cool bath. Remove the extra layers of clothes and sit near the fan. If still the temperature is not coming down then you should visit the doctor.

If you are living in Washington or near Places then visit Washington Hospital Healthcare System or you can also take NYC Health + Hospitals services as it is the largest public health care system in the United States.

I hope you like my article about “How to Break a Fever” You can also visit some other interesting posts like How Long Does The Flu Last? Symptoms & Treatments. For more related articles you may visit the “Health” category at Try Articles. Please leave a comment below that how much you find this article helpful. You may also hit your queries in the comment section below if any.

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Diseases & Side Effects Health

How Long Does The Flu Last? Symptoms & Treatments

A few common illnesses are more unpleasant than the flu. The pains and aches, fever, cough, and chills are bad enough. A few potential symptoms of flu that include vomiting, fatigue, sore throat, diarrhea, and runny nose.

Also, you will want to overcome the illness soon enough. How long does the flu last? How is the flu treated and does treating make it go away quickly? It totally depends on your personal health.

how long does the flu last

The perfect way to prevent your flu is by getting the vaccine every year. But if you sill get to catch it, what should you do? How long will it last? What are the symptoms and signs you can expect? You will find all the answer in this article.

What Is Influenza Or Flu?

Influenza or flu is an extremely infectious respiratory virus. It is caused by any one type of virus: influenza A, B or C. The important way that diseases like flu and colds spread from the droplets that propel from the cough or sneeze of the infected person.

You can get affected by these diseases when your saliva is exposed to the person who is ill such as while kissing or sharing any other things, for instance, eating utensils. The flu can really cause damage to you and put you to bed for quite some time.

What Is Influenza Or Flu

It can be ranged from mild to severe but that depends on what precautionary measures you take. When someone is ill with influenza, they may feel dizziness and a lot of other problems. A few symptoms are given below:

  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Body or muscle ache
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Headaches
  • Fever (not always)

If you experience any of the above symptoms, then it is time for you to take some medication.

How Influenza Spreads?

Influenza is generally known as the flu, it is a very common viral disease. It can be caused by the transfer of infected droplets of coughing and sneezing. It affects the throat, lungs, and nose. It can cause severe fatigue and tiredness.

Influenza Symptoms

Experts do believe that flu mostly spread through the droplets of the affected person when these droplets come in contact with the nose and mouth of the person nearby. Sometimes a person can catch flu by the atmosphere or surface that has a virus in it. If fever is making you or your family member uncomfortable, there are many ways to break a fever.

How Long Does The Flu Last?

As difficult as flu can be, the best part is that you feel better within one or two weeks. Mostly healthy people are affected by influenza the day before any symptom develops. They remain infected for maximum five to six days.

Children or people with me weak immune system may be affected for more time and cause severe tiredness for a longer period of time. For healthy people, flu is the most uncomfortable disease but it is also short-term that can be cured itself.

How long flu last

Proper medication for this disease is not necessary as it is viral it can be resolved by itself as the immune system fights with it. Symptoms mostly appear in one or two days after you are being exposed to the virus and it may last for five to six days straight.

Some people are at risk from influenza if they are:

  • very young
  • older than 65 years
  • having a chronic disease like heart disease, asthma, diabetes or HIV
  • people with more than 40 Body Mass Index BMI
  • pregnant women

People falling in these groups have weak immune systems and maybe are at increased risk of pneumonia, that can be fatal.

How To Treat Flu?

There is no such need of treatment for flu as it can be cured by itself. But there are some precautions that you can take to get rid of it. You must get some rest and drink a lot of fluids. You can take pain killers if you feel headache and pain around the eyes.

How to treat flu

Some of the pain killers that can be used during influenza include:

  • naproxen
  • ibuprofen
  • acetaminophen

If you feel that you are facing some complications due to influenza then you must see the doctor. He may prescribe you some antiviral medicines which can stop it from spreading more and it will take a few days to completely be cured. A morning without flu can be a really transformative experience, you should find out how long is the flu contagious?.

How To Prevent Yourself From The Flu?

To prevent yourself from the flu, you can take a few steps to reduce your risk of catching the virus and experience severe symptoms. You can take the following steps to prevent you from catching flu:

  • before eating you must wash your hands with soap
  • get the flu vaccine annually
  • quit smoking
  • see your doctor if you get any symptoms

How To Prevent Yourself From The Flu

These steps will not let you escape the flu completely, but they will help you to prevent it. These may also reduce the amount of time your flu takes to cure if you get affected by the virus.

How Can You Get Relief?

To get some relief from the flu, you can do the following things:

  • take some rest
  • treat your cough
  • drink a lot of fluids
  • take an over-the-counter medication

How Can You Get Relief

Also, consult your doctor before you give any non prescribed cold medicines since few medicines consist of ingredients that are not suitable for some people. You must read the labels on the medicines before managing medications.

Types Of Flu Viruses

There are two main types of flu virus i.e. influenza A and influenza B. Mostly flu occurs in a well-defined season of flu i.e. from December to April, with the peak from mid-January till early February. If you are ill then you might have flu.

Types Of Flu Viruses

People who catch the flu may be unaware of how they got it and who might have infected them. The virus is spread by the infection of droplets, so might have been the man who sneezed in front of you. Sometimes it may be from a school or family or your workplace.

Do I Have The Flu?

If you are exposed to the flu virus, it may take one to four days for symptoms to develop. You can start feeling a little cold or maybe you wake up in the morning thinking that you have been hit by a truck.

Do I Have the Flu

Once you have got a flu virus, you may get some of the following symptoms or if you are unlucky enough you may get all of them. Here are eight signs of the flu:

  1. High temperature, running hot, feeling feverish or sweats one moment and then shaking with cold the next
  2. Sore throat, coughing, and runny or blocked nose
  3. Racing heart
  4. Watery and red eyes, burning sensations, pain the eyes or sometimes photophobia
  5. Pains and aches
  6. Headache and pain in the eyes.
  7. Severe fatigue or tiredness
  8. Vomiting and diarrhea with an upset stomach

Complications Of Influenza

Some people may face complications from the flu. When you get the flu, you are more likely to be influenced by secondary bacteria and viruses. Mostly, they will hit your throat, nose, lungs, sinuses, causing pneumonia.

Complications of Influenza

If you have any chronic medical problems or you are pregnant or are elderly then you must be very cautious with the flu. Don’t try to kill yourself call your physician for advice. If you are a parent and your child is having flu then you must get him checked.

How To Overcome The Influenza Virus

If you have a stronger immune then there are fewer chances that you will catch a cold or become sick with the flu. You must take good care of your health and boost up your immune system by having a balanced diet with fruits and vegetables.

You can also take vitamin D supplements in order to get your immune system boosted. Daily exercise will also help you keep the body and your lungs healthy and proper. It will also reduce the risks of complications.

How to Overcome the Influenza Virus

Your personal hygiene is also very important during the flu season. Wash your hands repeatedly when you come back home from the public places, cover your nose and mouth if you hear someone is sneezing around you.

Best Bets For Keeping It Short-Lived

In most cases, the flu can last from three to five days. While you are in the pain of the virus, it is really essential that you should listen to your body. You must stay in bed if you feel cold, tired or weak. Use simple remedies to keep it mild.

Many people believe that natural remedies are better for the flu. As with most research on natural remedies, there is often no conclusive proof that they are effective across the board but they may work for you.

Best Bets for Keeping It Short-Lived

The research shows that some remedies may shorten the time duration of the flu that is licorice root, the Japanese herb maoto, Chinese herb Antiwei, Echinacea, North American ginseng, pomegranate, Bai Shao, Vitamin C, probiotics, Oral zinc, plant extracted carnosic acid and berries can also help.

Do I Need Antiviral Drugs To Treat My Flu?

Antiviral drugs will reduce the flu symptoms in your body, it will speed up the recovery process and will prevent serious complications. But they need to be taken in the infection and usually for five to six days.

Do I Need Antiviral Drugs to Treat My Flu

There are 3 drugs that are approved by the FDA for the flu virus. These include oseltamivir, intravenous peramivir, and zanamivir for people who are very sick. As with all medications, there may be some side effects, including nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, headache, cough vomiting and runny or stuffy nose.

If you want a better treatment then you can come to Tisch Hospital, it is one of the best hospitals and they make the patient experience as convenient as possible. If your child is infected then you can also visit Mount Sinai Kravis Children’s Hospital which is also best children hospital in Newyork.

If you like my article about ‘How Long Does The Flu Last? Symptoms & Treatments’ and you’re interested in reading more related articles you may visit the ‘Psychology‘ category at Try Articles. Please leave a comment below that how much you find this article helpful. You may also hit your queries in the comment section below if any.

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Diseases & Side Effects Health

How To Get Rid Of Bruises Quickly? 15 Natural & Effective Treatments

How To Get Rid Of Bruises? Bruising is very normal after being injured. Small blood vessels under the skin may get harmed by even a small effect, leaving the blood trapped under the skin. This trapped blood is then reabsorbed by the body while the injury heals properly.

10 Natural & Effective Treatments Of Bruises

This often leaves a purple, bluish or gray patch on the affected area that is very sensitive to touch and can cause extreme pain. Bruises may be hard to treat, as mostly the damage is right under the skin. But, somehow you can treat these bruises by simple home remedies that may be able to speed up the healing process.

How to Get Rid of Bruises Quickly

You can not magically just get rid of bruises, you will have to wait for quite some time. The good thing here is that many bruises are harmless and there are a number of home remedies to minimize their effect and heal them quickly.

Most typical products are safe to use but do not take these supplements by mouth for bruising without taking assistance from your physician first. You should not ignore any type of cut and should apply effective treatment to infected cut.

Treatments For Bruises

Bruises are the reaction of any injury or trauma to the skin that bursts the blood vessels under the skin. Bruises usually get disappeared without any treatment, however, you can take some steps to get rid of the bruises, reduce pain and visibility.

15 Natural Ways To Get Rid Of Bruises

These home remedies can lower the effect of these bruises and also they can be helpful in preventing them from even happening. The following are a few simple home remedies for curing the bruises and getting rid of these patches:

How to Get Rid of Bruises

1: Arnica Montana For Bruises

Arnica Montana is an herb that is largely used for curing the pain and bruises. This is because it consists of special compounds that are believed to have anti-inflammatory capabilities which can be absorbed by the skin.

A few pieces of research have shown that arnica can be a very effective remedy for bruising.

  • One study has shown that people who prefer to take oral arnica after rhinoplasty, a nose job, have improved the appearance of post-surgery bruising.
  • Another study had shown that applying 20% arnica ointment to the skin can also the speed up the healing process when compared to the placebo.

People should take arnica gel, arnica ointment, or oral arnica these contain at least 20% arnica and can be purchased through the web. It can be used as the instructions given on the product package.

Arnica Montana

If you are using oral arnica, then it is best to out the under your tongue and let it dissolve there. A mouth spray made of arnica can also be used to cover the underside of your tongue. one should not use it if it causes irritation or develops rashes.

2: Bromelain For Bruises

It is a mixture of enzymes that can be found in the pineapple plant. These enzymes consist of anti-inflammatory effects. They can help in reducing the bruises and swellings when applied on the affected area of the skin.

A study from the Journal Of Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery has proved that oral bromelain helped in reducing the swelling and pain right after extracting the tooth in comparison to the painkiller and a placebo.

Bromelain

A person can use a gel or a cream which contains bromelain. Using it twice or thrice a day or as instructed on the package can help reduce the effects of the bruises. Oral bromelain supplements may cause some undesirable effects.

It can cause digestive issues as well as increase the heart rate than normal. People who get allergic reactions from pineapple must not use bromelain. They must avoid contact with it as it can cause severe issues to your body.

Doctors usually recommend the Bromelain supplements after the surgery to help reduce the bruising quickly. You can only take Bromelain by mouth if it is directed by your doctor, if not then stick to the ointment or gel.

3: Quercetin For Bruises

Resembling Bromelain, Quercetin is a flavonoid driven from a few fruits. It can have natural anti-inflammatory effects that can help in healing the bruises. Some skin gels and cream intend to help with bruising.

Quercetin For Bruises

These creams and gels may contain quercetin along with the combination of Vitamin K, Bromelain, and other ingredients. Gels and creams that contain quercetin can be applied as instructed on the package, generally twice a day.

It is not proved to be safe to use quercetin orally. It may usually come along with many other medicines. You must not take the oral therapy of quercetin supplements unless it is instructed by your physician.

4: Vitamin K Cream For Bruises

Your body needs Vitamin K to help the blood clot where necessary. But taking a pill might not be the best option especially for those who use blood-thinning supplements or other medicines.

Typically, Vitamin K shows some promise as a remedy for bruises and is generally safe for most people to use. A study from the Journal Of Drugs in Dermatology shows that people who use a vitamin K cream or gel right after the skin treatment have fewer chances of bruising than those who prefer to use a placebo.

Vitamin K Cream For Bruises

Many products containing vitamin K are available over the counter. You should focus on those products which have Vitamin K listed at the beginning of the ingredients list. You must apply it as instructed on the product package.

5: R.I.C.E. For Bruises

R.I.C.E. stands for rest, ice, compression and elevation. Most people who have had surgery or strains or sprains employ this strategy to recover quickly but it has advantages for bruising as well.

These actions reduce the blood flow temporarily to the injured area, which can be helpful in preventing bruising and swelling. Resting the area and applying ice for 20 minutes per hour.

R.I.C.E For Bruises

Use light compression bandage it can also help in decreasing the inflammation and blood flow that aids to bruising. Following the R.I.C.E right after an injury and during the healing process can also reduce pain.

6: Bruise-Healing Diet

Any person can have an impact on the health due to their diet, including how much time does their bruises and injuries take to heal. There are few foods that can strengthen the blood vessels of the body, which may reduce bruising.

Bruise-Healing Diet

There are some other kinds of foods that can help in keeping the skin and tissues of the body strong and flexible. Eating healthy food, a balanced diet that contains the following foods may help in preventing and healing of bruises:

  • Pineapple: Eating fresh pineapple naturally gives Bromelain to the human body, this can help the bruises heal faster than normal.
  • Fruits Containing Quercetin: Foods that have high amounts of quercetin include citrus fruits, dark-colored cherries and berries, red onion, apples, and leafy green veggies.
  • Citrus Fruits: One study has shown that citrus flavonoids importantly improved bruising in adults who have senile purpura or the existing bruises. Citrus fruits include lemons, tangerines, and oranges.
  • Foods With Vitamin K: The food that has vitamin K will prevent the deficiency and can help in reducing the bruises of the person. Good sources of vitamin K include kale, broccoli, lettuce, strawberries, spinach, Brussels sprouts, and blueberries.
  • Lean Protein: Fish, tofu, lean meat, and poultry provide protein to help strengthen capillaries. Avoid sources of protein with a higher amount of saturated fats and cholesterol like fried meats or hamburger.
  • Zinc Rich Foods: Zinc helps in healing tissues and wounds. Foods that contain zinc are lobster, pumpkin seeds, legumes, crabs, etc.

Using these foods in your daily diet can speed up the healing process and may also prevent further bruising on your skin.

7: Essential Oils For Bruising

Frankincense essential oil can help in pain relief and body relaxation. This works great when a few drops of it are mixed with Vitamin K or arnica products. one can create a relaxing cold compress for their injuries with the help of a washcloth.

Essential Oils For Bruises

You can mix a few drops of lavender and rosemary essential oils applied on the cloth. It is necessary to dilute oils with any oil or lotion before applying directly on the skin until it is instructed by the physician.

Applying essential oils without diluting them can cause severe rashes or irritation to the skin. All essential oils are available online for purchase, including rosemary, lavender and frankincense oils.

The following home remedies can treat bruises:

8: Ice Therapy

Quickly apply ice after you get an injury to minimize the blood flow in the surrounding area. Cool the blood vessels with ice. This may minimize the leakage of blood into the surrounding tissues. This can also prevent the swelling and reduce the bruise from being prominent.

If you don’t have an ice pack, you may use a bag of ice, a bag of frozen vegetables or meat wrapped in a towel or cloth. Ice the bruise for good 10 minutes then wait for 20 minutes and then again apply it for 10 more minutes.

9: Heat

You can apply heat to increase the blood flow and its circulation. This can help to release the trapped blood under your skin after the bruise has already appeared. Applying heat can also relieve pain. You can use a heating pad or hot water bottle.

10: Compression

Use the elastic bandage and wrap your affected area in it. This will compress the tissues and help you in preventing the leakage of blood vessels. Compression can also reduce severe bruises and also help in minimizing the pain and swelling.

11: Elevation

Raise your bruised area above your heart. This reduces the pain and drains out the extra fluid from the affected area. Elevation can also minimize compression and pressure. This can give you a soothing effect, which can help in the process of healing.

How to get rid of bruises?

12: Aloe Vera

It has been a very effective way to reduce inflammation and pain on any part of the body. You may apply as it is on the bruised area, you can also make a gel out of pure aloe vera. You can also purchase the pure aloe vera gel from the market.

13: Vitamin C

It has a very unique property of reducing the inflammations and bruises. It can be used to heal the wounds. You can get the serums, gels, and creams that consist of vitamin C. You can apply these directly on the bruised area. You can also take it as a supplement.

14: Pineapple

Pineapple contains Bromelain that is believed to be very effective for the bruises and minimizing inflammation. You can eat the pineapple as it or can take bromelain supplements. You can also apply its cream on the bruised area.

15: Comfrey

It is a plant that is mostly used for treating inflammation or skin ailments. Comfrey cream has the healing powers that can treat bruises effectively and quickly. You can apply cream several times per day.

When To See A Doctor For Bruises?

Bruises happen to almost every person, some bruises can be a signal for any kind of nutritional deficiency or medical problem. You must see a doctor if you experience the following symptoms:

  • bruises without injuries
  • frequent bruising
  • easy bruising
  • bruises that suddenly appear after taking a new medication or supplement
  • bruises in strange places, such as the back or abdomen

When To See A Doctor For Bruises

Women have a greater tendency to bruise than men and old people get more bruises than young people. Blood thinner, antibiotics, and medicines that are taken for asthma can also increase bruising in most people. But you should continue taking medicines as prescribed by your doctor.

The Bottom Line

Bruises may take some time to heal. Take care of your diet, nutrition and the rest of the body, this can help in the healing process. Using home remedies can be helpful as it has no side effects. Keep in view that bruises can result in severe pain or fracture sometimes.

Call your physician if you experience the following:

  • if your injury is minor but still you are feeling extreme pain after a few days
  • if a lump has appeared
  • if there is a bruise without any reason
  • if you feel the blood in urine or stool

These are symptoms of some severe issue in your body. Click here to visit Zocdoc for Treatment for Joint Pain, Gout, Osteoporosis, Infusion, Muscle Pain & More.

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Diseases & Side Effects Health

What Is Lupus?

I still remember the day of 30 March 2015. All of you might be thinking that what happened that day and how it is link with lupus.

My maternal aunt Batool died on that day as she was suffering from SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus) which is one of the most serious types of lupus. SLE which is an autoimmune disorder or simply known as Lupus is something that I had seen from very close in the past years.

What Is Lupus

Lupus is Latin for “wolf”: the disease was so-named in the 13th century as the rash was thought to appear like a wolf’s bite.

My aunt Batool had lived only for eight years after the doctor diagnoses her with SLE. Doctors almost take 2-3 years in her case to diagnose this disease. As the disease has the symptoms in common with many other diseases and often mimics or is mistaken for other illnesses.

She first visited the doctor because she had joint pains and fatigue. Doctors stated that she has arthritis and give her medicines for that but as you know now it was SLE and doctors mistakenly diagnose the disease wrong due to its symptoms and find the true cause of joint pain in later years when more and more symptoms started to appear.

The disease is unpredictable in the start and diagnosis can be elusive, with some people having unexplained symptoms of SLE for years.

During her life, I had seen the classic butterfly rashes on her face. Doctors also diagnosed her medical issue because of the butterfly rashes, which are one of the most common symptoms in Lupus. These rashes occur in 30-60% of people with SLE.

SLE Plays With Every Organ Within You

In my view, SLE plays with every organ within you. It starts its journey with fever, malaise (feeling of general discomfort), joint pain, fatigue, low white blood cells count, attack on the nervous system, arthritis, psychiatric symptoms, chest pain, skin problems, Serositis (Inflammation of tissues lining the lungs and heart), mouth ulcers and kidney diseases.

Aunt Batool also died when she was having her dialysis as her kidneys had stopped working.

When you have lupus, something happens to your body’s natural defense system (your immune system) to make it work incorrectly. Instead of only targeting bad things like viruses and bacteria, it also attacks healthy cells and tissues.

Periods Of Flares And Remissions

I must stay that this disease plays a very, very dirty game with every single organ in your body. The strange thing about this disease is that people have it without knowing it. The disease has the ability to sleep in the human body and it is possible that it remains in that dormant condition for the whole life.

Often there are periods of illness, called Flares and period of remission during which there are few symptoms.

Lupus Is A Condition That Few People Know About

In light of the aftereffects of a review from the Lupus Foundation of America, around 72% of Americans aged 18-34 have either not known about the sickness or know nothing about it other than the name, in spite of the fact that people within these age groups are at most serious hazard for the condition.Selena Gomez during Lupus

Lupus increased more consideration from people in general in 2015 after singer Selena Gomez declared that she had been determined to have the condition in her late teens and experienced treatment for the sickness. Selena Gomez was suffering from Lupus nephritis and had gone through a kidney transplant.

Types of Lupus

There are four types of lupus:


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Systemic lupus erythematosus is the most widely recognized type of lupus and is generally thought to be more serious than the other three forms.

SLE can affect many parts of a human body including the kidneys, heart, lungs, brain, blood, and skin. Symptoms have the ability to change and vary from person to person and can change frequently and abruptly. Lupus can follow an unpredictable pattern of remissions (Improve symptoms) and flares (Worse symptoms).


Discoid (Cutaneous) or Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE)

Discoid is a form of lupus that only affects the skin and causes rashes. These rashes may be anywhere but are usually found on the face, neck, and scalp. This type of lupus does not affect any of the internal body organs although 1 in 10 people living with discoid lupus will develop systemic lupus.

DLE/CLE or Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus is broken down into several types depending on the rashes it creates:

Chronic Cutaneous Lupus (CCLE)

The most common form of CCLE is discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), named for its disc-like rashes. Normally, the rashes that appear on the facial area, such as the forehead and cheeks, are red and scaly, but interestingly, they aren’t actually itchy. Once the rashes subside, scarring and hair loss may occur.

Subacute Cutaneous Lupus (SCLE)

This type of lupus is categorized by two types of rashes: papulosquamous and annular lesions. Papulosquamous lesions are red, scaly patches that resemble psoriasis rashes, while annular lesions are ring-shaped rashes that have a small number of scales on their edges.

Acute Cutaneous Lupus (ACLE)

ACLE is characterized by sunburn-like rashes on the cheeks, called a butterfly rash. Large, flat red patches can also be present on the arms, legs, and torso. Another characteristic of ACLE is its sensitivity to light and therefore appears on areas of skin that are exposed to sunlight. Once ACLE rashes subside, they do not leave scarring, but may change the pigment of the area affected.

Michael Jackson with lupus
Source: image.slidesharecdn.com

Michael Jackson was diagnosed with lupus in 1986.  Due to the condition, Jackson stated that he was sensitive to UV light, which is why he frequently wore hats, masks, and sunglasses.


Drug-Induced Lupus (DIL)

Drug-induced Lupus (DIL) occurs after a person takes certain types of medication. The symptoms are similar to systemic lupus, but they usually disappear when the medicine is stopped. Symptoms are typically gone within six months; however, the Antinuclear Antibody (ANA) test can be used to help diagnose lupus. To know further about this test scroll down below.


Neonatal Lupus

In rare cases, the newborn of a mom with lupus or another autoimmune disease may have neonatal lupus. This condition can cause skin rashes, anemia or liver problems. Symptoms usually go away after a few months on their own and don’t cause permanent damage. Some babies with neonatal lupus can be born with a serious heart defect.


Who Gets Lupus? 90% Are Women

According to the Lupus Foundation of America, approximately 1.5 million people in the U.S. have lupus. People of African, Asian, and Native American descent are more likely to develop lupus than are Caucasians.

Although it can occur in men and women, 90% of people diagnosed with the disease are women. Women of childbearing age (14 to 45 years old) are most often affected and many as 1 in 250 people may develop lupus.

Causes Of Lupus Are Unkown

The reason for lupus is not clear. However, there seems, by all accounts, to be something that triggers the immune system to attack different zones of the body. That’s why suppressing the immune system is one of the main forms of treatment. Finding the cause is the object of major research efforts.

Until now researchers are of the view that the following three might be the suspects.

  • Environmental
  • The genetic makeup of the person
  • Hormones

Female hormones are thought to play a role in the development of lupus because women are affected by lupus much more often than men. This is particularly true of women during their reproductive years, a time when hormone levels are at their peak.

How Is Lupus Diagnosed?

Lupus is diagnosed when a person has several features of the disease (including symptoms, findings on examination, and blood test abnormalities). The American College of Rheumatology has devised criteria to assist doctors in making the correct diagnosis of lupus.

A person should have at least four of the following 11 criteria, either at the same time or one after the other, to be classified as having lupus. These criteria include:

  • Malar rash, a “butterfly” rash that appears on the cheeks.
  • Oral ulcers (open mouth sores).
  • Discoid rash, red, scaly patches on the skin that cause scarring.
  • Photosensitivity, a skin reaction or sensitivity to sunlight.
  • A neurological disorder, seizures, or psychosis.
  • Arthritis, pain, inflammation, or swelling of the joints.
  • Kidney disorder, either excess protein in the urine (proteinuria) or red blood cells in the urine.
  • Inflammation of the lining around the lungs (pleuritis) or of the lining around the heart (pericarditis)
  • Immunologic disorder, including the presence of certain cells or autoantibodies, or a false-positive test result for syphilis.
  • Blood disorder, either low red blood cell count (anemia), low white blood cell count (leukopenia), the decrease in lymphocytes (lymphopenia), or decrease in blood platelets (thrombocytopenia).
  • Positive ANA test.

What Is an Antinuclear Antibody Test?

An antinuclear antibody (ANA) test is a sensitive screening tool used to detect autoimmune diseases, including lupus. ANAs are antibodies that are directed against certain structures within a cell’s nucleus (thus, antinuclear antibody). ANAs are found in particular patterns in people with autoimmune diseases (those in which a person’s immune system works against his or her own body).

This test is done on a sample of a person’s blood. The test determines the strength of the antibodies by measuring how many times the person’s blood must be diluted to get a sample that is free of antibodies.

Does This Test Mean That I Have Lupus?

Not really. The antinuclear antibody test is positive in most people who have lupus, but it also may be positive in many people who are healthy or have another autoimmune disease. Therefore, a positive ANA test alone is not adequate for the diagnosis of lupus.

There must be at least three additional clinical features from the list of 11 features for the diagnosis to be made.

Science Behind Lupus, An Overview

There Is No Cure For SLE

There is no cure for SLE. Treatments may include NSAIDs, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, hydroxychloroquine, and methotrexate.

Alternative medicine has not been shown to affect the disease. Life expectancy is lower among people with SLE.

SLE significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease with this being the most common cause of death. With modern treatment, about 80% of those affected survive more than 15 years. Women with lupus have pregnancies that are at higher risk like premature birth but are mostly successful.

If you are suffering from Lupus and SLE or knows someone with it then you are free as always to share your experiences and feelings with me. You can also leave a message for people facing this medical condition.  And remember don’t be a victim of this, never. In the end, I want to say that Aunt Batool you will always be in our hearts, Rest in peace.

If you want to read a similar article like, “What Is Lupus?” then you can browse through our Diseases and side effects category to find related articles. Moreover, your questions are warmly welcome in the comments section below, TryArticles will try to solve your problem as soon as possible.

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Diseases & Side Effects Health

What Is Low Blood Pressure?

Hypertension is the term medically used for referring to low blood pressure which is less than 90/60. In this TryArticles article, we will tell you the basics about the low blood pressure and try to give you the understanding of Low Blood Pressure.

LOW BLOOD PRESSURE
Source: www.organiclifestylemagazine.com

As you can see the blood pressure reading is comprised of two numbers. In the above case, the first and the higher number is 90 (90/60) which is a measure of systolic pressure or the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and fills them with blood.

The second number; i.e. that 60 (90/60) shows the measured diastolic pressure or the pressure in the arteries when the heart rests between beats.

Ideal Blood Pressure

Ideal blood pressure
Source: blog.lab24.co.za

Optimal or ideal blood pressure is less than 120/80 (systolic/diastolic). In healthy people, low blood pressure without any indications is not usually a concern and does not need to be treated.

But low blood pressure can be a sign of an underlying problem — especially in the elderly — where it can be an indication of a hidden issue – particularly in the elderly – where it might cause inadequate blood flow to the heart, mind, and other essential organs.

SymptomsSymptoms of low blood pressure

For some people, low blood pressure signals an original problem, especially when it drops suddenly or is accompanied by signs and symptoms such as:

  • Lack of focus
  • Blurred vision
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Fatigue
  • Fainting (syncope)
  • Nausea
  • Shock

Extreme hypotension can result in the following life-threatening conditions. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Cold, clammy, pale skin
  • Confusion, particularly in older people
  • Weak and rapid pulse
  • Rapid, shallow breathing

Types Of Hypotension

Hypotension is divided into several different classifications according to when your blood pressure drops. Some of the main types of hypotension are described below.Types of hypotension

Orthostatic

Orthostatic hypotension is the drop in the blood pressure that happens when you change from sitting or resting to standing. Usually, it is common for people of all ages.

As the body adjusts to the position change there might be a short time of tipsiness. This is the thing that a few people allude to as “seeing stars” when they get up.

Orthostatic hypotension can happen for different reasons, including lack of hydration, long bed rest, pregnancy, diabetes, heart issues, burns, excessive heat, varicose veins and certain neurological prescriptions additionally can cause orthostatic hypotension.

Especially tranquilizes used to treat hypertension — diuretics, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and angiotensin-changing over catalyst (ACE) inhibitors — and also antidepressants and medications used to treat Parkinson’s ailment and erectile dysfunction.

Multiple System Atrophy With Orthostatic Hypotension

Low blood pressure because of the damaged nervous system is referred to as Multiple System Atrophy With Orthostatic

Hypotension additionally called Shy-Drager syndrome, is an uncommon issue which makes harm to the autonomic sensory system, which controls the involuntary functions, for example, pulse, heart rate, breathing, and digestion. It’s related to having hypertension while resting.

Postprandial

Postprandial hypotension is a drop in blood pressure that happens directly after eating. It is a kind of orthostatic hypotension. More seasoned grown-ups, particularly those with Parkinson’s infection, will probably create postprandial hypotension.

Neurally Mediated

Low blood pressure from defective brain signals is called as neurally mediated hypotension. Neurally mediated hypotension occurs after you stand for quite a while.

Youngsters encounter this type of hypotension more frequently than grown-ups. Emotional stress or events can likewise cause this drop in blood pressure. It appears to happen in view of a miscommunication between the heart and the mind.

Severe

Severe hypotension is identified with shock. The shock occurs when your organs don’t get the blood and oxygen they have to work properly. Serious hypotension can be hazardous if not treated instantly.

What Causes A Sudden Drop In Blood Pressure?LBP low blood pressure

Sudden drops in blood pressure can be life-threatening. Causes of this type of hypotension include:

  • Low body temperature.
  • Loss of blood from bleeding.
  • A reaction to medication or alcohol.
  • Severe dehydration from vomiting, diarrhea, or fever.
  • Heart muscle disease causing heart failure.
  • A severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis that causes an irregular heartbeat.

Medications That Can Cause Low Blood PressureMedications That Can Cause Low Blood Pressure

Some medications can cause low blood pressure, including:

  • Alpha blockers, such as prazosin (Minipress).
  • Water pills (diuretics), such as furosemide (Lasix) and hydrochlorothiazide (Maxzide, Microzide, others).
  • Certain types of antidepressants (tricyclic antidepressants), including doxepin (Silenor) and imipramine (Tofranil).
  • Beta blockers, such as atenolol (Tenormin) and propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL, others).
  • Drugs for Parkinson’s disease, such as pramipexole (Mirapex) or those containing levodopa.
  • Drugs for erectile dysfunction, including sildenafil (Revatio, Viagra) or tadalafil (Adcirca, Cialis), particularly when taken with the heart medication nitroglycerin.

Treatment For HypotensionTreatment For Hypotension

Your treatment will rely upon the hidden reason for your hypotension. Treatment could incorporate pharmaceuticals for coronary illness, diabetes, or infection.

Drink a lot of water to maintain a strategic distance from hypotension, particularly on if you have looseness of the bowels.

Remaining hydrated can likewise encourage treat and keep away the side effects and symptoms of neurally mediated hypotension. On the off chance that you experience the ill effects of low blood pressure because of standing for the longer periods, make sure to sit to take a break.

Treat orthostatic hypotension with moderate, progressive movements. Rather than standing up rapidly, work your way into a sitting or standing position utilizing little movements. You can likewise maintain a strategic distance from orthostatic hypotension by not folding your legs when you sit.

If it’s not clear that what’s causing low blood pressure or no treatment exists, the objective is to raise your pressure and diminish signs and symptoms. Depending upon your age, health and the sort of low blood pressure you have, you can do this in a few different ways like drinking a lot of water and by wearing the compression stockings.

Wear Compression Stockings The flexible tights ordinarily used to alleviate the pain and swelling of varicose veins can help diminish the pooling of blood in your legs.

If you want to read a similar article like, “What Is Low Blood Pressure?” then you can browse through our Diseases and side effects category to find related articles. Moreover, your questions are warmly welcome in the comments section below, TryArticles will try to solve your problem as soon as possible.

Categories
Diseases & Side Effects Health

How Long Is The Flu Contagious?

A morning without flu can be a really transformative experience. The capacity to inhale through the two nostrils can be sufficient to influence you to hop for satisfaction and is enough for you to jump with joy.

In this TryArticles article, we will strive to find out that how long is the flu contagious? And how long do you have to shut yourself away? So let us discover it.

How long is the flu contagious.
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About seven days. You’re contagious from 1 week before you have any indications. You remain as such for 5 to 7 days after you begin feeling wiped out. Children might have the capacity to spread the infection for significantly longer until the point when the greater part of their indications will become blur.

How Would I Spread It?

More often it’s through the droplets which are all around (Love is in the air, my dear). When the sick people sneeze or cough out beads of moisture that contain the flu virus. They can venture out up to 6 feet. You’re presented to the flu when you inhale the beads in, or in the event that they arrive in your mouth, nose, or eyes (YUKH!).

Spreading of the flu
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You can likewise get it with coming in contact with a place where those beads arrived – like a work area, counter, or doorknob – and afterward, contact your face. The infection can live on hard surfaces for up to 48 hours.

A few specialists accept you’re well on the way to spread the infection from the principal day of indications through the following 3 to 7 days. That is on account of the more you a hack and sniffle, the more beads you shoot into the air and onto objects around you.

Is There An Approach To Tell That I’m Still Contagious?

Flu
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Fever is a positive sign. You should remain at home for no less than 24 hours after your temperature returns down by itself. That implies without the assistance of drugs.

Do Influenza Drugs Help Stop The Spread?

No. You can, in any case, make other individuals infected regardless of whether you’re taking antiviral drugs that treat this season’s flu virus.

The CDC prescribes three FDA-endorsed medications to treat this season’s flu virus:

  • Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
  • Peramivir (Rapivab)
  • And zanamivir (Relenza)

These medications could abbreviate the time that you’re going to take without them. What’s more, they may abbreviate the timeframe that you can spread this season’s cold virus.

Tips to Ease Flu Symptoms

Easing the symptoms of cold
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There’s no fix, however, there are some normal approaches to ease your symptoms. Try these out today.

  • Remain at home and get a lot of rest.
Twist up on the love seat, I mean couch and invest some energy in reading, watching DVDs, or simply resting while your body fights the infection. (Yippee!)
  • Drink a lot of liquids.
  • Treat aches and fever.
Never offer ibuprofen to anybody younger than 19. It’s connected to a condition known as Reye’s syndrome, an illness that can harm the mind and liver.
  • Deal with your cough by trying an expectorant, which transforms mucus into a fluid so you can hack it up. Try not to give it to kids under 4.
  • Take in steam.
  • Sit in a hot and steamy bathroom.
  • Run the humidifier.

Can I Compare Flu And Cold Symptoms?

Cold and flu
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The following chart is taken from the webmd.com. It can enable you to see the distinctions and similarities. In the event that you are getting the flu indications, call your specialist and get some information about an antiviral medication.

When To Call Doctor?

Flu test
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Call the doctor if you have any of the following indications:

  • A temperature 100.4 F or higher in an infant of fewer than 3 months.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • Wheezing.
  • Temperature higher than 102 F in older children or adults.
  • Earache or drainage from your ear.
  • Pain in your face or forehead along with thick yellow or green mucus for more than one week.
  • Vomiting.
  • Symptoms that get worse or won’t go away.
  • Hoarseness, sore throat, or a cough that won’t go away.
This article is merely informative as TryArticles does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or make a diagnosis.

If you want to read a similar article like, “How Long Is The Flu Contagious?” then you can browse through our Diseases and side effects category to find related articles. Moreover, your questions are warmly welcome in the comments section below, TryArticles will try to solve your problem as soon as possible.