Dragon Tree Plant is a very charming plant both for indoors and outdoors. It is a tropical plant. It has long hanging green leaves with yellow stripes on the edges, which gives it a very beautiful look. It can be placed anywhere inside your house to give a decorative touch to your rooms.
Dragon tree plant belongs to the genus dracaena under the family Asparagaceae. It has various different species, such as Dracaena Draco and Dracaena Marginata. It is a tall growing plant and may attain a height of 6-8 feet. It is known as a low maintenance plant that can easily be grown and maintained both indoors and outdoors.
Different cultivars of dracaena can be grown indoors and outdoors for adding beauty to your home and garden. The original variety of dragon tree, from which various cultivars were grown has long green leaves with narrow reddish-purple bands on its edges.
Another cultivar of dragon tree plant has a yellowish-white on leaves, in between the green and yellow color of leaves, thus making it a beautiful tricolor variety. Another variety of dragon tree plant has a red band on the green leaves. This band is so prominent that apparently, the leave looks as if it is red.
One more variety of dragon tree plant has a spikier leave and resembles more to the original variety of dragon tree plant. Its stem produces groups of wide and tough leaves that are quite different from other trees. These groups of leaves grow in sphere shape and are much denser.
So, if you are interested in adding a valuable indoor plant to your home decoration, go for a variety of dragon tree plant. In this article, we are giving you some useful tips on its growth and maintenance so that you may know how to look after a dragon tree plant.
Choose A Variety
As mentioned above, there are many different types of dragon tree plants that can be grown in your home garden or indoors for decoration purpose. If you visit your nearest garden shop or plant nursery you may come across various types of dragon tree plants. All are beautiful and need almost the same level of care and maintenance.
So, don’t hesitate and pick up the one you would like to have in your room. You may also select more than one varieties of dragon tree plants to give an artistic look to your home. Imagine a room having two or three different types of dragon tree plant, having different color patterns!
Where To Plant? – Pot Size
Being a tall growing plant, it needs a large sized container or pot for its normal growth. However, keep in mind that you have to place it in your room or any other place for decoration purpose, so the pot or container must be of an appropriate size and shape that should not damage the ambiance of your home.
Ideally, the pot or container should be double the size of the root ball of your dragon tree plant.
Where To Place Dragon Tree Plant? – Light
Dragon tree plant does not need direct sunlight. So, it is easy to select a site for its placement in your room. In fact, its leaves are vulnerable to direct sunlight and may burn if exposed to too much of it.
At the same time, it needs quite a reasonable indirect sunshine. Therefore select a place in your room which is near to windows but in such a direction that does not receive direct sunlight.
You may also use curtains or drapes to protect it from direct sunlight during the day. But make sure it receives ample of indirect sunlight. If you observe that color of the leaves is fading, it is an indication that the plant is not receiving light as per its requirement. Immediately change its position so that it gets indirect sunshine, as required by this plant.
Soil And Watering
Dragon tree plant needs the good amount of moisture but over watering may result in root rot. Therefore use a well-drained soil to fill the pot or container, so that water may not damage its roots. The pot must have holes in the bottom for better drainage. It is highly recommended to use distilled water for this plant.
If the plant you bought from the nursery or garden shop came with a pot or container, you may keep the plant in the same pot for some time, till you need to re-pot the plant.
Avoid too much of watering. Water only, when the soil is dried out. To check the dryness of the soil, put your finger on the surface of the soil and press it in the soil. You will feel the moistness of the soil on your fingertip. If the soil feels dry, give water to your plant.
Falling leaves or yellowing of leaves is an indication that your plant needs next watering. However, you should not bother about the falling leaves which are on the bottom of the stem. It’s just a normal phenomenon.
Normally dragon tree plant grows well in the temperature around 24 degrees centigrade but can do well even if it rises up to 27 degrees. However, when the winter sets in and the temperature start dropping, you must reduce the indoor temperature of your house; reduce the heating of your room.
But be careful not to drop the temperature below 18 degrees centigrade, as it will have a negative impact on your dragon tree plant.
Dragon tree plant is prone to attack by various insects, such as thrips, scale insect and glasshouse red spider mite. The best remedy to avoid the attack of any of these infestations is to keep the air moist around the tree. Misting the leaves once or twice a week will also work fine.
Mottled leaves or yellow bumps on the back side of the leaves is an indication that your plant is infested. Best option at this stage is to consult a professional to get rid of any such attack by the insects, or alternately, you may try to control it through the spray of any reliable pesticides.
- You must give fertilizer to your dragon tree plant at least once in a month during winter and double to that in summer.
- Liquid fertilizer is a good option if diluted with plain water.
- Pruning may be done during the summer and spring season. Avoid this action during winter or fall.
- Pruned shoots and branches can be utilized to grow more plants, so don’t throw them away.
- When the roots become too dense, it is time to replace the pot. Replace it with a bigger pot to accommodate roots. An extra care with roots is required while pulling out the plant from existing pot.
- Add fertilizer to new pot after around one month; don’t give fertilizer immediately after repotting.
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