Post-traumatic stress disorder defines as an anxiety disorder that occurs due to a sudden accident in life or due to shock or trauma situations. It also includes the flashbacks and nightmares. The mental condition is disturbed seriously and it has bad effects on health.If these situations occur for only a week then it refers to acute stress disorder. But if these symptoms are continuous up to six months then it is called the post-traumatic stress disorder.
Here at Tryarticles, I discussed the causes symptoms and treatment of Post-traumatic stress disorder.
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
There are many causes of Post-traumatic stress disorder.It may due to trauma or sudden accents. The causes are following.
It may occur due to sudden accidents that give a big hit to the mind.If we have seen the accident then it remains in our mind. Some people can not bear this. When the close ones have an accident in the front of our eyes it becomes very painful to cope with the situation. Then it remain stored in mind and disturbs the normal activities of life.
Coping with such a tragic case is not so easy but it is possible to busy the mind. Shock disturbs the mental processes normally.
Rape is the accident that is unforgettable and very painful. Rape cases are difficult to handle and seem impossible to recover. Most people commit suicide and the ones who live cannot stand on the face of society and their relationships. It completely destroys the psychological health of the person and spoiled their life ever.
They loss confidence, wishes, dreams and their happiness due to a sudden accident. The episodes of anxiety also occur and tend to sadness and depression. This depression negatively affects the normal activities of life.
Trauma is also the main cause of this disorder because it also negatively affects the mind. Trauma situation may occur during depression . The shock paralyzes the mind including thoughts and thinking of a person is seized . Therefore, the contact with reality become reduced due to trauma condition . The sudden death or accidents can also cause trauma.
Trauma is toxic for psychological well being. So trauma condition is also the main cause of Post-traumatic stress disorder.
Emotional abuse disturbs a mind a lot. The person who is being abused emotionally feels difficulty to recover back to normal life. Emotional abuse is also an immoral and painful activity attempted by criminals and fake persons. This abuse can be very dangerous and life risky for the person who is being emotionally abused by others.
Emotional abuse also makes a person weak and broken from inside. Coping up with emotional abuse is also difficult and time taking but not still impossible . Happiness and positivism can reduce its pain.
There is no specific difference between physical abuse and emotional abuse. Both have the same effects on psychological and physical health. Physical abuse may difficult to cope but emotional abuse is also difficult to cope.The harm and danger of both are same.
Earthquake is also the sign offer and message of death for a post-traumatic person. Earthquake is indeed a great shock for the person who already has anxiety and stress. If the family or other valuable things are lost during this harmful event then it’s too hurting for a such person. These things remember the patients as alarming threats that disturbs the normal life of the patient.
It produces fear in the person who has this disorder or it may occur to the event-related threats that continuously hit his mind.
Common Disorders That Are Present With PTSD
The psychological disease is not present alone. The other symptoms and disorders are also involved to make a person psychologically sick and ill. The different disorders are also included with post-traumatic stress disorder. Here are the following disorders that occur with the Post-traumatic stress disorder.
- Major Depression occurs.
- Anxiety disorders occurs.
- Adjustment disorders occurs.
- Bipolar disorder may occur.
- Personality disorder may occur.
There are different symptoms that show the post-traumatic stress disorder in a person. From these symptoms, we can find easily this disorder in a person.The different procedures are used to identify the psychological issues. The projective techniques are also used but some symptoms are specific that show the specific problem and disorder. This disorder also have symptoms that indicates the disorder.
- Nightmares occur.
- Flashbacks occur; the person feels that same situation occurs again.
- Feeling of Fear.
- Negative thinking and thoughts.
- Person becomes paranoid.
- False perception may occur.
- Panic attacks.
- Death fear.
- Deep breathing.
- Insomnia appears.
- Hallucinations occur many times.
The therapies are given to the patient for recovery and psychological well being. Therapies are also used to control the disorders and to balance the life of the patient . Different techniques are used for different psychological problems. These therapies are explained below.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
Cognition is related to the thoughts and thinking that directly affect the behavior.The thoughts are associated with the behavior, therefore, the behavior is modified through thoughts and thinking. This technique is also very useful in changing the behavior and cognition.
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
Rational emotional behavioral therapy is used to convert the irrational feelings, thoughts, and thinking into rational. The negative thinking is focused to eliminate and to be changed in the positive thinking. The thinking effects the behavior, therefore, the it converts into rational by this technique.
Progressive Muscle Relaxation Therapy
Progressive muscle relaxation therapy is used to relax the mind and body as well. We can say it as an exercise that relaxes the body and mind. The body parts are stretched by the person and then relaxed to the original position. It is a useful technique that can be given in the case of stress, pain, panic attacks and anxiety.
The depression and anxiety are also controlled by medication. Different medicines are used to cope with the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder.
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