Valley Fever is also known as the coccidioidomycosis, this fever is uncommon but deadly caused by the fungus Coccidiodes immitis. Valley fever fungus strives in the dry, dusty areas. Your pet can get infected by this fever even if inhales a very small amount of fungal spore. It is very important to watch the signs of valley fever in dogs. Read this article because we are going to explain all the signs of valley fever in dogs.
Valley fever causes in dogs
- The coccidiosis immitis fungus grows In the hot and dry areas of southwestern US, Central America, and South America. This disease remains in the dry soil in the dormant condition and becomes active in the rainy season. whenever a large amount of soil is disrupted due to earthquakes or building demolitions this valley fever becomes active.
- Valley Fever can affect other animals too like fishes or mammals but dogs are more prone due to their nature of digging and sniffing around. In case you are traveling with your dog in the hot summer days like June, July, October, and August, then it is possible that your pet gets infected by this fungus by just sniffing the soil.
- This infection cannot affect dogs until it reaches the endemic areas, therefore you must take precautions whenever you take your pet outside. Some of the hot cities where your dog can get an infection in summer are
- Central and South America
- Northwest Mexico
Valley Fever Signs and symptoms
- Valley fever is different compared to other types of fever, this fever is very dangerous and fatal because many dogs get infected with this disease and do not show any symptoms. Some of the clinical symptoms which dogs show are following.
- Shallow or rapid breathing
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty In breathing
- Weight loss
- If you do not pay attention to your dog after observing this disease in your pet then this disease gets worse and show symptoms like
- A chronic Cough
- Lame Limbs
- Neck and back pain
- Intermittent Diarrhea and vomiting
- Untreatable Fever
Dogs Types which are a higher risk of Valley Fever
- The valley fever fungus which infects dogs are remains under the soil. In case you are living in a hot area and your dog is poking its nose in the dirt then chances of getting this disease is high. Dogs which spend hours and hours outdoor have the high risk of getting valley fever.
- There are certain breeds of dogs which gets this disease faster compared to another breed of dogs such as pointer, cocker spaniels, beagles, Australian shepherd, Doberman pinchers, and boxers etc. it is observed that older dogs which have compromised immunity or dogs whose nutrition need is not fulfilled are at higher risk of getting this disease.
Preventions of valley fever in dogs
- Right now there is no vaccination available for this disease (Valley Fever). The best way to prevent this disease in dogs is keeping your pet inside in during sand and wind storms.
- This disease is mostly found in endemic areas, therefore, you must take care of your pet and do not allow your dog to play outside in the wet soil.
Valley Fever Diagnosis
- In case your pet is suspected of valley fever then veterinarian will perform a complete test to examine this disease. He can also check the dog’s blood count along with many biochemistry panels on dogs blood samples.
- The vet can also take X-ray of dogs limb bones, antibodies against fungus can be detected by blood sample using agar gel immune diffusion assay.
Valley Fever Treatment
- As you know valley fever is very fatal and dangerous but this disease can be treated if it is diagnosed in time. It can take over one year to complete the treatment procedure.
- The dog can be given an oxygen supplementation in an emergency if it has excessive breathing difficulty, an oral anti-fungal therapy is used to start the treatment which includes the drugs like ketoconazole, fluconazole, Lufenuron etc.
- At the time of treatment make sure you are feeding high-quality food to your pet and always give plenty of fresh water to keep them hydrated. Note: you must restrict outdoor activities of your pet according to vet instruction.
Steps to take care of an ill dog
- Clean your pet’s ears regularly and pay special attention to this area because it is the place where most of the times bacteria attacks. You also need to look after the nails of your pet and make sure their nails are not being worn away as they walk. You can also cut your dogs nail with a special nail cutter which is available in the market.
- Always give a good and comfortable shelter to your dog so that he can live in it happily, you can also include a large durable dog bed, dogs paw on the bed constantly to get comfortable.
- You must take your pet to vet at least twice in one year for the overall checkups, you must keep it in mind that this breed is prone to the disease such as dysplasia and cancer. You must take care of your dog and give him proper attention, love to understand and train him.
- You must take care of a dog and vaccinate it against the rabies disease because rabies is a very fatal disease.
- This article is only based on providing basic information, Tryarticles does not have any authority or responsibility to prescribe any medicine or treatment we strongly recommend you to take your pet to vet in case of any type of pain or condition your dog to have.
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